“People travel to faraway places to watch, in fascination, the kind of people they ignore at home.” – Dagobert D. Runes
There are nine famous castles in Touraine, France. They are built of tuffeau limestone and are one of the greatest tourist attractions that Touraine has. The nine castles' names are Chenonceau, Amboise, Azay-le-Rideau, Chinon, the Clos-Lucé, Langeais, Loches, Villandry and Ussé. At the end of the 4th century, St. Martin founded Tours, a city now in La Touraine. It became one of the most popular pilgrimage places in the West of France. In 1429, Saint Joan of Arc had a historic meeting with the future King of France Charles VII at Chinon. Throughout the late 1400s and 1500s, La Touraine was a coveted residence of various French kings, and the dark, gloomy castles were converted into Renaissance palaces. For this reason, the region was nicknamed the "Garden of France". La Touraine got its name from a Celtic tribe called the Turones. They inhabited the region two thousand years ago. In 1044, the control of Touraine was given to the Angevins, who, as the House of Plantagenet, became kings of England in 1154. The castle Chinon was their greatest stronghold. In 1205, Philip II Augustus of France regained Touraine. Leonardo Da Vinci died in Amboise, a city in La Touraine, in 1519.